有机化学(取代基、化合物等)英文缩写大全

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Abbreviation Chemical Name
缩写 全称
18-Cr-6 18-crown-6
Ac acetyl
acac acetylacetonyl
AA asymmetric aminohydroxylation
AD asymmetric dihydroxylation
ad adamantyl
ADDP 1,1′-(azodicarbonyl)dipiperidine
ADMET acyclic diene metathesis polymerization
acaen N,N’-bis(1-methyl-3-oxobutylidene)ethylenediamine
AIBN 2,2′-azo bisisobutyronitrile
Alloc allyloxycarbonyl
Am amyl (n-pentyl)
An p-anisyl
ANRORC anionic ring-opening ring-closing
aq aqueous
AQN anthraquinone
Ar aryl (substituted aromatic ring)
ATD aluminum tris(2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenoxide)
atm 1 atmosphere = 105 Pa (pressure)
ATPH aluminum tris(2,6-diphenylphenoxide)
BBN (9-BBN) 9-borabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane (9-BBN)
B 9-borabicyclo[3.3.1]nonyl
BCME bis(chloromethyl)ether
BCN N-benzyloxycarbonyloxy-5-norbornene-2,3- dicarboximide
BDPP (2R, 4R) or (2S, 4S) bis(diphenylphosphino)pentane
BER borohydride exchange resin
BHT 2,6-di-t-butyl-p-cresol (butylated hydroxytoluene)
BICP 2(R)-2’(R)-bis(dipenylphosphino)-1(R),1’(R)- dicyclopentane
BINAL-H 2,2′-dihydroxy-1,1′-binaphthyl lithium aluminum hydride
BINAP 2,2′-bis(diphenylphosphino)-1,1′-binaphthyl
BINOL 1,1′-bi-2,2′-naphthol
Bip biphenyl-4-sulfonyl
bipy 2,2′-bipyridyl
BLA Brönsted acid assisted chiral Lewis acid
bmin 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium cation
BMS Borane-dimethyl sulfide complex
Bn benzyl
BNAH 1-benzyl-1,4-dihydronicotinamide
BOB 4-benzyloxybutyryl
Boc t-butoxycarbonyl
BOM benzyloxymethyl
BOP-Cl bis(2-oxo-3-oxazolidinyl)phosphinic chloride
bp boiling point
BPD bis(pinacolato)diboron
BPO benzoyl peroxide
BPS (TBDPS) t-butyldiphenylsilyl
BQ benzoquinone
Bs brosyl =(4-bromobenzenesulfonyl)
BSA N,O-bis(trimethylsilyl)acetamide
BSA Bovine serum albumin
Bt 1- or 2-benzotriazolyl
BTAF benzyltrimethylammonium fluoride
BTEA benzyltriethylammonium
BTEAC benzyltriethylammonium chloride
BTFP 3-bromo-1,1,1-trifluoro-propan-2-one
BTMA benzyltrimethylammonium
BTMSA bis(trimethylsilyl) acetylene
BTS bis(trimethylsilyl) sulfate
BTSA benzothiazole 2-sulfonic acid
BTSP bis(trimethylsilyl) peroxide
Bz benzoyl
Bu (nBu) n-butyl
c cyclo
ca circa(approximately)
CA chloroacetyl
CAN cerium(IV) ammonium nitrate (cericammoniumnitrate)
cat. catalytic
CB catecholborane
CBS Corey-Bakshi-Shibata reagent
Cbz (Z) benzyloxycarbonyl
cc. or conc. concentrated
CCE constant current electrolysis
CDI carbonyl diimidazole
CHD 1,3 or 1,4-cyclohexadiene
CHIRAPHOS 2,3-bis(diphenylphosphino)butane
Chx (Cy) cyclohexyl
CIP 2-chloro-1,3-dimethylimidazolidinium hexafluorophosphate
CM (XMET) cross metathesis
CMMP cyanomethylenetrimethyl phosphorane
COD 1,5-cyclooctadiene
COT 1,3,5-cyclooctatriene
Cp cyclopentadienyl
CPTS collidinium-p-toluenesulfonate
CRA complex reducing agent
Cr-PILC chromium-pillared clay catalyst
CSA camphorsufonic acid
CSI chlorosulfonyl isocyanate
CTAB cetyl trimethylammonium bromide
CTACl cetyl trimethylammonium chloride
CTAP cetyl trimethylammonium permanganate
Δ heat
d days (length of reaction time)
DABCO 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane
DAST diethylaminosulfur trifluoride
DATMP diethylaluminum 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidide
DBA (dba) dibenzylideneacetone
DBAD di-tert-butylazodicarboxylate
DBI dibromoisocyanuric acid
DBM dibenzoylmethane
DBN 1,5-diazabicyclo[4.3.0]non-5-ene
DBS dibenzosuberyl
DBU 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene
DCA 9,10-dicyanoanthracene
DCB 1,2-dichlorobenzene
DCC dicyclohexylcarbodiimide
DCE 1,1-dichloroethane
DCM dichloromethane
DCN 1,4-dicyanonaphthalene
Dcpm dicyclopropylmethyl
DCU N,N’-dicyclohexylurea
DDQ 2,3-dichloro-5,6-dicyano-1,4-benzoquinone
de diastereomeric excess
DEAD diethyl azodicarboxylate
DEIPS diethylisopropylsilyl
DEPBT 3-(diethoxyphosphoryloxy)-1,2,3-benzotriazin- 4(3H)-one
DET diethyl tartrate
DHP 3,4-dihydro-2H-pyran
DHQ dihydroquinine
(DHQ)2PHAL bis(dihydroquinino)phthalazine
DHQD dihydroquinidine
(DHQD)2PHAL bis(dihydroquinidino)phthalazine
DIAD diisopropyl azodicarboxylate
DIB (diacetoxyiodo)benzene
DIBAL (DIBAH) DIBAL-H diisobutylaluminum hydride
DIC diisopropyl carbodiimide
diop 4,5-bis-[(diphenylphosphanyl)methyl]-2,2-dimethyl- [1,3]dioxolane
DIPAMP 1,2-bis(o-anisylphenylphosphino)ethane
DIPEA(Hünig’s base) diisopropylethylamine
DIPT diisopropyl tartrate
DLP dilauroyl peroxide
DMA (DMAC) N,N-dimethylacetamide
DMAD dimethyl acetylene dicarboxylate
DMAP N,N-4-dimethylaminopyridine
DMB m-dimethoxybenzene
DMDO dimethyl dioxirane
DME 1,2-dimethoxyethane
DMF N,N-dimethylformamide
DMI 1,3-dimethylimidazolidin-2-one
DMP Dess-Martin periodinane
DMPS dimethylphenylsilyl
DMPU 1,3-dimethyl-3,4,5,6-tetrahydro-2(1H)-pyrimidone (N,N-dimethyl propylene urea)
DMTSF dimethyl(methylthio)sulfonium tetrafluoroborate
DMS dimethylsulfide
DMSO dimethylsulfoxide
DMT 4,4’-dimethoxytrityl
DMTMM 4-(4,6-dimethoxy[1,3,5]triazin-2-yl)-4- methylmorpholinium chloride
DMTr 4,4’-dimethyltrityl
DMTST (dimethylthio)methylsulfonium trifluoromethanesulfonate
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
DPA (DIPA) diisopropylamine
DPBP 2,2′-bis(diphenylphosphino)biphenyl
DPDC diisopropyl peroxydicarbonate
DPDM diphenyl diazomethane
DPEDA 1,2-diamino-1,2-diphenylethane
DPIBF diphenylisobenzofuran
DPPA diphenylphosphoryl azide (diphenylphosphorazidate)
Dppb (ddpb) 1,4-bis(diphenylphosphino)butane
dppe 1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane
dppf 1,1′-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene
dppm bis(diphenylphosphino)methane
dppp 1,3-bis(diphenylphosphino)propane
DPS(also TBDPS or BPS) t-butyldiphenylsilyl
DPTC O,O’-di(2’-pyridyl)thiocarbonate
dr diastereomeric ratio
DTBAD (DBAD) di-tert-butyl azodicarboxylate
DTBB 4,4’-di-tert-butylbiphenyl
DTBP 2,6-di-tert-butylpyridine
DTBMP 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-methylpyridine
DTE 1,4-dithioerythritol
DVS 1,3-divinyl-1,1,3,3-tetramethyldisiloxane
E+ electrophile (denotes any electrophile in general)
E2 bimolecular elimination
ED effective dosage
EDA ethyl diazoacetate
EDDA ethylenediamine diacetate
EDC (EDAC) 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide (ethyldimethylaminopropylcarbodiimide)
EDCI 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide hydrochloride
EDCP 2,3-bis-phosphonopentanedioic acid (ethylene dicarboxylic 2,3-diphosphonic acid)
EDG electron-donating group
EDTA ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid
ee enantiomeric excess
EE ethoxyethyl
Ei intramolecular syn elimination
en ethylenediamine
EOM ethoxymethyl
ESR electron spin resonance (spectroscopy)
Et ethyl
ETSA ethyl trimethylsilylacetate
EVE ethyl vinyl ether
EWG electron-withdrawing group
Fc ferrocenyl
FDP fructose-1,6-diphosphate
FDPP pentafluorophenyl diphenylphosphinate
Fl fluorenyl
FMO frontier molecular orbital (theory)
Fmoc 9-fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl
fod 6,6,7,7,8,8,8-heptafluoro-2,2-dimethyl-3,5- octanedione
fp flash point
FSM Mesoporous silica
FTT 1-fluoro-2,4,6-trimethylpyridinium triflate
FVP flash vacuum pyrolysis
GEBC gel entrapped base catalyst
h hours (length of reaction time)
hν irradiation with light
HATU O-(7-azabenzotriazol-1-yl)-N,N,N’,N’- tetramethyluronium hexafluorophosphate
Het heterocycle
hfacac hexafluoroacetylacetone
HFIP 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-propanol (hexafluoroisopropanol)
HGK 4-hydroxy-2-ketoglutarate
Hgmm millimeter of mercury (760 Hgmm = 1 atm = 760 Torr)
HLE horse liver esterase
Hmb 2-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzyl
HMDS 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexamethyldisilazane
HMPA hexamethylphosphoric acid triamide (hexamethylphosphoramide)
HMPT hexamethylphosphorous triamide
HOAt 1-hydroxy-7-azabenzotriazole
HOBt (HOBT) 1-hydroxybenzotriazole
HOMO highest occupied molecular orbital
HOSu N-hydroxysuccinimide
HPLC high-pressure liquid chromatography
HWE Horner-Wadsworth-Emmons
i iso
IBA 2-iodosobenzoic acid
IBX o-iodoxybenzoic acid
IDCP bis(2,4,6-collidine)iodonium perchlorate
Imid (Im) imidazole
INOC intramolecular nitrile oxide cycloaddition
IPA isopropyl alcohol
Ipc isopinocamphenyl
IR infrared spectroscopy
K-10 a type of Montmorillonite clay
KDA potassium diisopropylamide
KHMDS potassium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide
KSF a type of Montmorillonite clay
L ligand
L.R. Lawesson’s reagent (2,4-bis-(4-methoxyphenyl)- [1,3,2,4]dithiadiphosphetane 2,4-dithion)
LA Lewis acid
LAB lithium amidotrihydroborate
LAH lithium aluminum hydride
LD50 dose that is lethal to 50% of the test subjects (cells, animals, humans etc.)
LDA lithium diisopropylamide
LDBB lithium 4,4’-t-butylbiphenylide
LDE lithium diethylamide
LDPE lithium perchlorate-diethyl etherate
LHMDS (LiHMDS) lithium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide
LICA lithium isopropylcyclohexylamide
LICKOR (super base) butyllithium-potassium tert-butoxide
liq. liquid
LiTMP (LTMP) lithium 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidide
LPT lithium pyrrolidotrihydroborate (lithium pyrrolidide-borane)
L-selectride lithium tri-sec-butylborohydride
LTA lead tetraacetate
LUMO lowest unoccupied molecular orbital
lut 2,6-lutidine
m meta
MA maleic anhydride
MAD methyl aluminum bis(2,6-di-t-butyl-4- methylphenoxide)
MAT methyl aluminum bis(2,4,6-tri-t-butylphenoxide)
MBT 2-mercaptobenzothiazole
m-CPBA meta chloroperbenzoic acid
Me methyl
MEM (2-methoxyethoxy)methyl
MEPY methyl 2-pyrrolidone-5(S)-carboxylate
Mes mesityl
mesal N-methylsalicylaldimine
MIC methyl isocyanate
MMPP (MMPT) magnesium monoperoxyphthalate
MOM methoxymethyl
MoOPH oxodiperoxomolybdenum(pyridine)-(hexamethylphosphoric triamide)
mp melting point
MPa megapascal = 106 Pa = 10 atm (pressure)
MPD (NMP) N-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone
MPM methoxy(phenylthio)methyl
MPM (PMB) p-methoxybenzyl
MPPC N-methyl piperidinium chlorochromate
Ms mesyl (methanesulfonyl)
MS mass spectrometry
MS molecular sieves
MSA methanesulfonic acid
MSH o-mesitylenesulfonyl hydroxylamine
MSTFA N-methyl-N-(trimethylsilyl) trifluoroacetamide
MTAD N-methyltriazolinedione
MTEE (MTBE) methyl t-butyl ether
MTM methylthiomethyl
MTO methyltrioxorhenium
Mtr (4-methoxy-2,3,6-trimethylphenyl)sulfonyl
MVK methyl vinyl ketone
mw microwave
n normal (e.g. unbranched alkyl chain)
NADPH nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate
NaHMDS sodium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide
Naph (Np) naphthyl
NBA N-bromoacetamide
NBD(nbd) norbornadiene
NBS N-bromosuccinimide
NCS N-chlorosuccinimide
Nf nonafluorobutanesulfonyl
NHPI N-hydroxyphthalimide
NIS N-iodosuccinimide
NMM N-methylmorpholine
NMO N-methylmorpholine oxide
NMP N-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone
NMR nuclear magnetic resonance
NORPHOS bis(diphenylphosphino)bicyclo[2.2.1]-hept-5-ene
Nos 4-nitrobenzenesulfonyl
NPM N-phenylmaleimide
NR no reaction
Ns 2-nitrobenzenesulfonyl
NSAID non steroidal anti-inflammatory drug
Nuc nucleophile (general)
o ortho
Oxone potassium peroxymonosulfate
p para
PAP 2,8,9-trialkyl-2,5,8,9-tetraaza-1-phospha-bicyclo[3.3.3]undecane
PBP pyridinium bromide perbromide
PCC pyridinium chlorochromate
PDC pyridinium dichromate
PEG polyethylene glycol
Pf 9-phenylfluorenyl
pfb perfluorobutyrate
Ph phenyl
PHAL phthalazine
phen 9,10-phenanthroline
Phth phthaloyl
pic 2-pyridinecarboxylate
PIDA (BAIB or DIB) phenyliodonium diacetate
PIFA phenyliodonium bis(trifluoroacetate)
Piv pivaloyl
PLE pig liver esterase
PMB (MPM) p-methoxybenzyl
PMP 4-methoxyphenyl
PMP 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidine
PNB p-nitrobenzyl
PNZ p-nitrobenzyloxycarbonyl
PPA polyphosphoric acid
PPI 2-phenyl-2-(2-pyridyl)-2H-imidazole
PPL pig pancreatic lipase
PPO 4-(3-phenylpropyl)pyridine-N-oxide
PPSE polyphosphoric acid trimethylsilyl ester
PPTS pyridinium p-toluenesulfonate
Pr propyl
psi pounds per square inch
PT 1-phenyl-1H-tetrazol-yl
P.T. proton transfer
PTAB phenyltrimethylammonium perbromide
PTC Phase transfer catalyst
PTMSE (2-phenyl-2-trimethylsilyl)ethyl
PTSA(or TsOH) p-toluenesulfonic acid
PVP poly(4-vinylpyridine)
Py (pyr) pyridine
r.t. room temperature
rac racemic
RAMP (R)-1-amino-2-(methoxymethyl)pyrrolidine
RaNi Raney nickel
RB Rose Bengal
RCAM ring-closing alkyne metathesis
RCM ring-closing metathesis
Rds (or RDS) rate-determining step
Red-Al sodium bis(2-methoxyethoxy) aluminum hydride
Rham rhamnosyl
Rf perfluoroalkyl group
Rf retention factor in chromatography
ROM ring-opening metathesis
ROMP ring-opening metathesis polymerization
Rose Bengal (RB) 2,4,5,7-tetraiodo-3′,4′,5′,6′-tetrachlorofluorescein disodium salt(a photosensitizer)
s seconds (length of reaction time)
S,S,-chiraphos (S,S)-2,3-bis(diphenylphosphino)butane
Salen N,N’-ethylenebis(salicylideneiminato) bis(salicylidene)ethylenediamine
salophen o-phenylenebis(salicylideneiminato)
SAMP (S)-1-amino-2-(methoxymethyl)pyrrolidine
SC CO2 supercritical carbon-dioxide
SDS sodium dodecylsulfate
sec secondary
SEM 2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxymethyl
SES 2-[(trimethylsilyl)ethyl]sulfonyl
SET single electron transfer
Sia 1,2-dimethylpropyl (secondary isoamyl)
SPB sodium perborate
TADDOL 2,2-dimethyl-α,α,α1, α1-tetraaryl-1,3-dioxolane-4,5- dimethanol
TASF tris(diethylamino)sulfonium difluorotrimethylsilicate
TBAB tetra-n-butylammonium bromide
TBAF tetra-n-butylammonium fluoride
TBAI tetra-n-butylammonium iodide
TBCO tetrabromocyclohexadienone
TBDMS (TBS) t-butyldimethylsilyl
TBDPS (BPS) t-butyldiphenylsilyl
TBH tert-butyl hypochlorite
TBHP tert-butyl hydroperoxide
TBP tributylphosphine
TBT 1-tert-butyl-1H-tetrazol-5-yl
TBTH tributyltin hydride
TBTSP t-butyl trimethylsilyl peroxide
TCCA trichloroisocyanuric acid
TCDI thiocarbonyl diimidazole
TCNE tetracyanoethylene
TCNQ 7,7,8,8-tetracyano-para-quinodimethane
TDS dimethyl thexylsilyl
TEA triethylamine
TEBACl benzyl trimethylammonium chloride
TEMPO 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-1-piperidinyloxy free radical
Teoc 2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxycarbonyl
TEP triethylphosphite
TES triethylsilyl
Tf trifluoromethanesulfonyl
TFA trifluoroacetic acid
Tfa trifluoroacetamide
TFAA trifluoroacetic anhydride
TFE 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol
TFMSA trifluoromethanesulfonic acid (triflic acid)
TFP tris(2-furyl)phosphine
Th 2-thienyl
thexyl 1,1,2-trimethylpropyl
THF tetrahydrofuran
THP 2-tetrahydropyranyl
TIPB 1,3,5-triisopropylbenzene
TIPS triisopropylsilyl
TMAO (TMANO) trimethylamine N-oxide
TMEDA N,N,N’,N’-tetramethylethylenediamine
TMG 1,1,3,3-tetramethylguanidine
TMGA tetramethylguanidinium azide
Tmob 2,4,6-trimethoxybenzyl
TMP 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine
TMS trimethylsilyl
TMSA trimethylsilyl azide
TMSEE (trimethylsilyl)ethynyl ether
TMU tetramethylurea
TNM tetranitromethane
Tol p-tolyl
tolbinap 2,2′-bis(di-p-tolylphosphino)-1,1′-binaphthyl
TPAP tetra-n-propylammonium perruthenate
TPP triphenylphosphine
TPP 5,10,15,20-tetraphenylporphyrin
TPS triphenylsilyl
Tr trityl (triphenylmethyl)
Trisyl 2,4,6-triisopropylbenzenesulfonyl
Troc 2,2,2-trichloroethoxycarbonyl
TS transition state (or transition structure)
Ts (Tos) p-toluenesulfonyl
TSE (TMSE) 2-(trimethylsilyl)ethyl
TTBP 2,4,5-tri-tert-butylpyrimidine
TTMSS tris(trimethylsilyl)silane
TTN thallium(III)-trinitrate
UHP urea-hydrogen peroxide complex
Vitride (Red-Al) sodium bis(2-methoxyethoxy)aluminum hydride
wk weeks (length of reaction time)
Z (Cbz) benzyloxycarbonyl

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